Phoenix arizona dating
Arizona has the westernmost military engagement on record during the Civil War with the Battle of Picacho Pass. The first territorial capital, Prescott, was founded in 1864 following a gold rush to central Arizona.when 16th President Abraham Lincoln signed the final bill, it read "Arizona," and that name was adopted. and the last of the contiguous states to be admitted.Many of their pueblos, cliffside dwellings, rock paintings and other prehistoric treasures have survived, attracting thousands of tourists each year.The first European contact by native peoples was with Marcos de Niza, a Spanish Franciscan, in 1539.Many lost their homes and businesses in the process. The Phoenix-area German POW site was purchased after the war by the Maytag family (of major home appliance fame). A Japanese-American internment camp was located on Mount Lemmon, just outside the state's southeastern city of Tucson.Another POW camp was located near the Gila River in eastern Yuma County.For thousands of years before the modern era, Arizona was home to numerous Native American tribes.Hohokam, Mogollon and Ancestral Puebloan cultures were among the many that flourished throughout the state.
About one-quarter of the state is made up of Indian reservations that serve as the home of 27 federally recognized Native American tribes, including the Navajo Nation, the largest in the state and the United States, with more than 300,000 citizens.
When Mexico achieved its independence from the Kingdom of Spain and its Spanish Empire in 1821, what is now Arizona became part of its Territory of Nueva California, ("New California"), also known as Alta California ("Upper California").
During the Mexican–American War (1847–1848), the U. Army occupied the national capital of Mexico City and pursued its claim to much of northern Mexico, including what later became Arizona Territory in 1863 and later the State of Arizona in 1912. acquired the land south below the Gila River from Mexico in the Gadsden Purchase along the southern border area as encompassing the best future southern route for a transcontinental railway.
He converted many of the Indians to Christianity in the Pimería Alta (now southern Arizona and northern Sonora) in the 1690s and early 18th century.
Spain founded presidios ("fortified towns") at Tubac in 1752 and Tucson in 1775.