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Hence, EU Member States have agreed that they will encourage workers to participate in continuing vocational training (CVET) to help meet the adult learning target.By 2020, 15 % of the population between 25 and 64 should participate in lifelong learning – a highly ambitious target for countries like Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Lithuania and Romania.In more than half of the Member States tax incentives encourage individuals and enterprises or both to invest in education and training.Tax incentives and training funds are the most common means of encouraging enterprises to increase investment.While loans are less popular in adult learning, vouchers/individual learning accounts are used more widely, reflecting the trend towards a demand-led approach.They are used either universally or they target specific groups.
Fourteen countries increased public expenditure on training as part of an active labour market policy, giving it the highest share of all labour market measures (about 43% of the 2009 EU total; compared to 2007, an increase by 4.6 percentage points).
The more highly qualified people are, the more likely they are to participate in learning activities.
However, people also tend do less lifelong learning as they grow older, irrespective of their qualification levels.
While in Denmark, for instance, labour market training comes under the same roof as other forms of continuing vocational training (3), most countries draw a clear line between responsibilities and governance in training as part of active labour market measures and responsibilities and governance in the continuing vocational education and training (CVET) sector.
In fact, CVET in the EU varies considerably in terms of governance, regulations, status, financing, quality assurance, providers and types of qualifications that can be acquired.