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This article is about a means-based model of social welfare.For the system of unconditional income provided to every citizen, see Basic income.French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte echoed Paine's sentiments and commented that 'man is entitled by birthright to a share of the Earth's produce sufficient to fill the needs of his existence' (Herold, 1955).The American economist Henry George advocated for a dividend to be paid to all citizens from the revenue generated by a land tax.As most GMI proposals seek to create an earnings floor close to or above poverty lines amongst all citizens, the fiscal burden would require equally broad tax sources, such as income taxes or VATs, in order to fund such expenditures.To varying degrees, a GMI might be funded through the reduction or elimination of other social security programs such as unemployment insurance.
SSI was created in 1974 to replace federal-state adult assistance programs that served the same purpose.
In 2009, it was turned into Revenu de solidarité active (RSA), a new system which aimed at solving the poverty trap by providing low-wage workers a complementary income; thus encouraging activity.
The United States has multiple social programs that provide guaranteed minimum incomes for individuals meeting certain criteria such as assets or disability.
In 1987, New Zealand's Labour Finance Minister Roger Douglas announced a Guaranteed Minimum Family Income Scheme to accompany a new flat tax.
Both were quashed by then Prime Minister David Lange, who sacked Douglas. Shamir (US) published a book "Consumerism, or Capitalism Without Crises" in which the concept was promoted by another label, as a way to enable our civilization to survive in an era of automation and computerization and large scale unemployment.