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The Western Ghats have several manmade lakes and reservoirs besides a number of streams.
Three major rivers Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri arise from these Ghats Smaller rivers include the Chittar River, Bhima River, Sharavathi River, Hemavathi River Malaprabha River, Manimuthar River, Kabini River, Kallayi River, Kundali River, Pachaiyar River and the and Periyar.
However, there are a number of smaller gaps and passes.
The Western Ghats has a high altitudinal variation and the average elevation is 1200meters. The Anaimudi peak is the highest peak at 2695 meters.
Thus, less than 25% of the extent of the original native vegetation of the Western Ghats remains relatively pristine.
A number of forest dependent as well as forest dwelling communities also exert tremendous pressure on the forests.
The Western Ghats also known as Sahyadri Hills is a 1600 km long mountain range running all along the west coast of India.
A number of caves can be found in these Ghats as well as a number of cave paintings.The narrow plain between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea is known as the Konkan coast.A number of rivers arise from the Western Ghats and either flow westwards and drain in the Arabian Sea or flow eastwards and drain into the Bay of Bengal.The Western Ghats has been declared as an ecologically sensitive area and was declared as an ecological hot-spot in 1988.A large number of plants, amphibians, birds, reptiles, mammals are endemic to this region.The other rock types include granitegnesis, charnockites, leptynites etc.The Western Ghats are also a rich source of number of ores such as the iron ores.For example, Yana, which is famous for two massive rock outcrops known as the Bhairaveshwara Shikhara and the Mohini Shikhara.These rocky structures are made up of solid black, crystalline limestone.About 60% of the Western Ghats is in the state of Karnataka.The Western Ghats stretches to Sri-Lanka which is separated by about 400km from the Indian Mainland but the present website right now offers information mostly on the Indian part of the mountain hot spot.